United States Office of Government Ethics, Preventing Conflicts of Interest in the Executive Branch

Criminal Statutes


18 U.S.C. § 201: Bribery of public officials and witnesses
18 U.S.C. § 201 prohibits public officials from accepting bribes or gratuities to influence their Government actions.


18 U.S.C. § 202: Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 202 provides the definitions of key terms used in 18 U.S.C. §§ 203, 205, 207, 208, and 209, the core criminal conflict of interest statutes.


18 U.S.C. § 203: Compensation to Members of Congress, officers, others in matters affecting the Government
18 U.S.C. § 203 prohibits compensation for representational activities involving certain matters in which the United States is a party or has a direct and substantial interest.


18 U.S.C. § 205: Activities of officers and employees in claims against and other matters affecting the Government
18 U.S.C. § 205 generally prohibits an employee from certain involvement in a claim against the United States or representing another before the Government in matters in which the United States is a party or has a direct and substantial interest.


18 U.S.C. § 207: Restrictions on former officers, employees, and elected officials of the executive and legislative branches
18 U.S.C. § 207 may limit the activities of individuals after they leave Government service (or after they leave certain high-level positions).


18 U.S.C. § 208: Acts affecting a personal financial interest
18 U.S.C. § 208 prohibits an executive branch employee from participating personally and substantially in a particular Government matter that will affect his own financial interests, as well as the financial interests of certain individuals with whom he has ties outside the Government.


18 U.S.C. § 209: Salary of Government officials and employees payable only by United States
18 U.S.C. § 209 prohibits employees from being paid by someone other than the United States for doing their official Government duties.